The hierarchy of the Philippines during Spanish colonization was based on nationality (place of birth), ethnicity, and racial mixing. Pure Spanish or Chinese blood did not guarantee one the highest of class, so even these ethnicities may have found that having mestizo children would be better.
It is interesting to note the following:
- A mestizo of 1/2 Native American (Indio Americano) descent was valued higher than a mestizo of 1/2 Philippine Indio descent. This may have influenced the modern practice of Filipinos denying their Asian heritage in favor of their Hispanic heritage (whether real or imagined). This also is the source of resentment of Filipinos in the US—especially California—for people of Mexican heritage (Note: also part of the reason for this is Spain’s rule over the Philippines was through administration by the viceroyalty of Mexico).
- There was a distinction made between Negritos and the rest of the Indio Filipino population. This probably is what has led to today’s discrimination of Negrito and African-American/Filipino individuals.
- Even if one was full Spanish, having the nationality of Filipino put one lower than Spaniards born in Spain or the Americas and mestizos of American Indios. Perhaps this is part of the reason for the distinction between Fil-Ams and “FOBs” (in the US) as well as Kanos (here used to refer to Filipinos born in the States, Guam, or Saipan but living in the Philippines) and native Filipinos (born in raised in the Philippines)
- A full blooded Chinese person was put above a full blooded indio, a half Chinese/Filipino person below a Spaniard/Filipino person, and a mix of all three ethnicities higher than a Spaniard/Filipino person. This has led to the resentment of Tsinoys (today’s Chinese Filipinos) by ethnic Filipinos without the same “mestiso worship” enjoyed by people who are of Eurasian descent.
- The amount of Insulares was probably less than that of Peninsulares because less women migrated to the Philippines than men from Spain. For the men who migrated to the Philippines, they were more likely to be from the Americas than from Spain.
The information is not reflective of other ethnicities that were in the Philippines at the time such as African, Indian, or Japanese. Some further questions for this information may include: Was there a distinction made between Africans and Negritos? What was the difference, if any, in the caste of a Japanese/Filipino Mestizo or an Indian/Filipino and a Chinese/Filipino Mestizo? Were there indio ethnicities that were treated higher than other indio ethnicities (Ilocano vs Kapampangan; Visayan vs Bikolano)? Were mestizos of American, non-Mexican heritage placed lower than mestizos associated with Mexico?
Yo does that make me a mestizo de sangley because I was born in the Philippines with a filipina mom and a Singaporean dad
Is that what I am
These terms are from colonial Philippine history.A lot of the terms are outdated. The terms that are used, like Americano and Negrito, have changed in meaning. Americano often means Black or white Americans, and Negrito doesn’t just mean Aeta anymore (need to fix that part of the graphic). You might identify as Filipin@ and Singaporean. You can identify as whatever you think identifies you the best. :)
meluvsxiumin asked: Hello there, Gunnarolla. I was just wondering, what kind of shampoo do you use? Your hair is FLAWLESS!
Thanks! I use Tresemme Deep Cleanse. It’s like, the most shampoo for the cheapest price.
Any time that I’ve had good hair it’s thanks to my hairstylist (I’ve been going to the same one for a couple years, I think that’s important).
Any time I have bad hair (most of the time), it’s because I haven’t had time to go to the hairstylist. Exhibit A:
Lee Hyunyi for Vogue Korea Dec 2013
Harper’s Bazaar Thailand December 2012
Photographer: Nat Prakobsantisuk
Fashion Director: Chamnan Pakdeesuk
Models: Chutimon ‘Aokbab’ Jugchareonsukying, Nitiporn ‘Pat’ Lertnitiwongsakul, Time Charoenthaitawee, Baiboon ‘Jan’ Arunpreechachai and Francis Lane
(Source: euagore, via herocountry)
anon submitted: Regarding homophobia in Korea -
i am a queer non-cisgendered korean living in canada. i moved here to study years back, and had really high expectations. i thought canada/america was going to be a “gay heaven” and “multi-cultural” etc. i mean that is what most mainstream media portrays canada and america as. progressive society….
Meejin Yoon, 2000
The Defensible Dress seeks to reinscribe notions of personal space. The Defensible Dress is a response to the increasing breakdown and encroachment on personal space in everyday life. Inspired by the porcupine and the blowfish, the Defensible Dress marks the wearer’s personal space by activating a physical projection around the body; when infrared sensors detect someone approaching, a series of mechanical pines bristle to prevent encroachment.
"A bristle bustle" - annelise
can I get one of these to unfold like a giant pair of bat wings off my back when somebody tries to sneak up on me from behind